International Elevated Thought Conference

Science and Technology


China transportation

  Sept. 2017

Transportation of China


Transportation is of particular importance in China, as it covers such vast territory and is home to such a large population. In 1876, the first railway was built in China, and in 1906 the first highway was constructed. In 1929, the government began work on civil aviation. The following decades saw tremendous developments within the transportation industry.



By the end of 2012, the total length of highway in China reached 2,633,060 miles (4,237,500 kilometers). In 2013, the number of passengers transported by rail reached 2 billions. As the transportation industry continues to expand in both quality and scale, it significantly contributes to the advancement of society as well as the national economy.


China currently has a comprehensive system of modern transportation, which includes civil aviation, railway, road traffic, and water transportation. As transportation in the country becomes more accessible and more reliable, it is also becoming more technologically advanced. Modern modes of transportation such as express highways, electrified railroads, metros, light railways, and maglev railways are becoming increasingly common, especially in larger cities.


Public Bus, China

Public Bus in China


At the same time, because of the country's large population, sometimes the current numbers of vehicles cannot meet every person's needs. Especially during the public holidays, most people choose to travel. Some of them take excursions, whilst other people go to their hometown to see their families. During peak holiday times the transportation system may be stretched too the limit. Additionally, as many shopping malls or shops often provide discounted goods at festivals and many people prefer to go shopping at that time. As a result, streets as well as many vehicles become very crowded. As a visitor, you'd better avoid going to China during Chinese festivals like the Chinese New Year and National Day. Additionally, as the country's urban population is getting larger and larger, some big cities are facing very severe transportation stress.


Tip: If you would like more information about your destination city, you can visit our website's Destinations column. In it, you can find the very practical transportation tips and many other aspects of visit, including dining, shopping, nightlife and so on.



China Railway


China railway is undergoing fast development, especially its high speed railway. By now, the railway network in China has totaled 77,000 miles (124,000 km) and will reach 93,200 miles (150,000 kilometers) by 2020. Train has been the top choice of more and more travelers in China. Every year, China railway system accommodates over 2,700 million passengers, which is still growing at a speed of about 10%.



China railway history can be divided into three stages: The first stage, from 1865 to 1949, is featured as the awakening time; only a few railroads were constructed and in use. The second stage, from 1949 to 2014, is a massive construction stage when the old lines were restored and improved, and lots of new lines were built. It was during this stage that the country's railroad network took its shape gradually and was expanded to cover most cities in the country. Since 2004, the country has entered high speed era. High speed lines take place of old busy ordinary speed lines, which greatly increases transport capacity and makes train travel much easier than before.




Railway Station

A Station Building


To ensure smooth and efficient transport, lots of rail infrastructures are constructed in the vast land of the country, including ordinary or high speed lines, large or small stations, different types of trains, bridges and tunnels for railroads to passing through, etc. All of them are indispensable parts of the dense railroad system.


Advanced Technological Level

On account of complex topography, great deals of problems took place during the construction of rail system, especially the rail lines, which may travel through densely populated metropolises, desolate gobi, wavy mountainous regions, and wide rivers, etc. To solve these difficulties, Chinese people has thought out many solutions and gradually acquired many advanced technologies. By now, the country's railway construction technologies have reached world’s top standards. Another reflection of the advanced construction technologies is the Shanghai maglev, which can run at a speed of 267 mil/h (430 km/h), slower only than a plane.







International Elevated Thought Conference 2017

International Elevated Thought Conference 2017